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Effects of lanthanum carbonate and calcium carbonate on fibroblast growth factor 23 and hepcidin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients


, : Effects of lanthanum carbonate and calcium carbonate on fibroblast growth factor 23 and hepcidin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients. Clinical and Experimental Nephrology (): -

Phosphate binders have an impact on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23); however, the effect of phosphate binders on serum hepcidin has not been explored. We conducted a 24-week multicenter randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of lanthanum carbonate or calcium carbonate monotherapy on serum phosphate, FGF23, and hepcidin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients. Forty-six patients were recruited, and daily dietary phosphorus was controlled between 600-800 mg. Serum calcium, phosphate, albumin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), FGF23, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), hepcidin, high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2D, fetuin-A, and osteopontin were checked as scheduled. Twenty-five patients completed the study. Mean serum FGF23 level was significantly decreased after a 24-week treatment with lanthanum (8677.5 ± 7490.0 vs. 4692.8 ± 5348.3 pg/mL, p = 0.013, n = 13), but not with calcium (n = 12). The reduction of serum hepcidin in lanthanum group was positively correlated with the decrement of serum phosphate (r = 0.631, p = 0.021) and serum hsCRP (r = 0.670, p = 0.012) levels, respectively. Serum ALP, iPTH, vitamin D, fetuin-A, and osteopontin revealed no significant inter- or intragroup differences. In summary, a decrease in serum FGF23 levels and a trend of decline in hepcidin levels were observed only in lanthanum group.

US$19.90

PMID: 27928636

DOI: 10.1007/s10157-016-1362-9


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