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Efficacy of lapatinib in patients with high tumor EGFR expression: Results of a phase III trial in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC)

, : Efficacy of lapatinib in patients with high tumor EGFR expression: Results of a phase III trial in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Journal of Clinical Oncology 24(18_suppl): 4502-4502

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">4502 Background: Lapatinib is an orally-active, reversible inhibitor of EGFR/ErbB2 tyrosine kinases. In Phase I/II trials, lapatinib has demonstrated activity in patients (pts) with advanced breast cancer. We report the first results of a randomized open-label Phase III trial ( EGF20001 ) of lapatinib vs. hormone therapy (HT) in pts with advanced RCC that express EGFR and/or ErbB2 by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The main endpoints were time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Pts with advanced RCC of any histology who had failed first-line cytokine therapy were stratified by Karnofsky performance score (KPS) and number of metastatic sites. Pts were randomized to receive oral lapatinib 1250 mg OD or HT. The primary efficacy endpoint was TTP, with 90% power to detect a 50% increase (i.e. 4 vs. 6 months) at a two-sided 5% significance level. All pt scans were interpreted by independent radiologic review. At the time of the TTP analysis, 417 pts were randomized and 298 TTP events were reported. Demographic and baseline characteristics were similar between both arms; pooled results were: median age: 61 yrs; Stage IV disease: 97%, KPS 90-100: 59%, metastatic sites >2: 49%, prior nephrectomy: 94%, prior interferon therapy: 64%. No unexpected toxicities were observed, and drug-related AE (all grades) for lapatinib vs. HT included rash (44%:3%), diarrhoea (40%:3%). When results from all pts were analysed, median TTP was 15.3 weeks for lapatinib vs. 15.4 weeks for HT (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.94; p = 0.60), and median OS was 46.9 weeks for lapatinib vs. 43.1 weeks for HT (HR=0.88; p=0.29). In the major subgroup of 241 pts with EGFR overexpressed disease (3+ by IHC), median TTP was 15.1 weeks for lapatinib vs. 10.9 weeks for HT (HR = 0.76; p = 0.06), and median OS was 46.0 weeks for lapatinib vs. 37.9 weeks for HT (HR = 0.69; p = 0.02). These results were confirmed by Cox Regression analysis, and additional biomarker evaluation, including FISH, is underway. The EGFR/ErbB2 dual targeted inhibitor, lapatinib, appears to prolong overall survival compared to hormone therapy in advanced RCC pts with overexpressed EGFR who failed prior therapy. [Table: see text].


PMID: 27951840

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