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Evaluating lifestyle and health-related characteristics of older adults with co-occurring depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities

, : Evaluating lifestyle and health-related characteristics of older adults with co-occurring depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 31(1): 66-75

Comorbid depression and cardiometabolic abnormalities might represent an important subgroup of depression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate lifestyle and health-related characteristics of individuals with both depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities. Data were from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. The sample was comprised of 5365 adults aged 50-80 years. High depressive symptoms were based on the eight-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale. Cardiometabolic abnormalities were defined as having ≥3 cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertension, impaired glycemic control, systemic inflammation, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, and central obesity). Four groups were created based on Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scores and cardiometabolic abnormalities: those with (i) comorbid depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities (DCM); (ii) depressive symptoms only (DnoCM); (iii) cardiometabolic abnormalities only; and (iv) neither depressive symptoms nor cardiometabolic abnormalities. Lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the four groups were compared using chi-square tests. A modified Poisson regression analysis was performed to compare the DCM and the DnoCM groups with respect to lifestyle and health-related characteristics. Those in the DCM group were significantly less physically active (p = 0.003), had poorer self-rated health (p < 0.001), had lower income (p = 0.001), and were more likely to be retired (p < 0.001) than those in the DnoCM group. The pattern of results remained after controlling for other lifestyle and health-related factors. These results provide support for a cardiometabolic subgroup of depression that is associated with physical inactivity, poorer self-rated health, lower income, and retirement. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


PMID: 25827712

DOI: 10.1002/gps.4290

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