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Exercise-induced cytokine changes in antigen stimulated whole-blood cultures compared to serum


, : Exercise-induced cytokine changes in antigen stimulated whole-blood cultures compared to serum. Journal of Immunological Methods (): -

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Strenuous exercise is followed by an elevation of many cytokines with inflammation regulating properties. Since most cytokines act at pico- or nanomolar concentrations many investigations failed to detect their concentrations in vivo. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of cytokine measurements (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-1ra, IL-6, CCL2 and CXCL8) in a stimulated whole-blood culture (sWBC) compared to serum with respect to their exercise-induced kinetics and detection rates. 40 male volunteers (age: 25,5±4,3years, BMI: 24,00±2,24, VO2peak: 46,9±4,1mL/kg×min) performed 60min of intensive bicycle exercise (80% VO2peak). Blood samples were taken before and for up to 24h after exercise. All cytokines were determined by a multiplex ELISA. There were weak to moderate correlations between cytokines in sWBC and serum. While exercise did not affect pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum, in sWBC only IL-1β was increased 1.2-fold at 3h (p<0,05). All other cytokines increased both in sWBC and serum. The detection rate was superior in sWBC vs serum for most cytokines. Exercise-induced cytokine kinetics in sWBC do not reflect systemic changes. Both approaches provide a synergistic insight into inflammatory processes on the cytokine level.

US$19.90

PMID: 27876507

DOI: 10.1016/j.jim.2016.11.007


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