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Human FAM154A (SAXO1) is a microtubule-stabilizing protein specific to cilia and related structures


, : Human FAM154A (SAXO1) is a microtubule-stabilizing protein specific to cilia and related structures. Journal of Cell Science 128(7): 1294-1307

Cilia and flagella are microtubule-based organelles present at the surface of most cells, ranging from protozoa to vertebrates, in which these structures are implicated in processes from morphogenesis to cell motility. In vertebrate neurons, microtubule-associated MAP6 proteins stabilize cold-resistant microtubules through their Mn and Mc modules, and play a role in synaptic plasticity. Although centrioles, cilia and flagella have cold-stable microtubules, MAP6 proteins have not been identified in these organelles, suggesting that additional proteins support this role in these structures. Here, we characterize human FAM154A (hereafter referred to as hSAXO1) as the first human member of a widely conserved family of MAP6-related proteins specific to centrioles and cilium microtubules. Our data demonstrate that hSAXO1 binds specifically to centriole and cilium microtubules. We identify, in vivo and in vitro, hSAXO1 Mn modules as responsible for microtubule binding and stabilization as well as being necessary for ciliary localization. Finally, overexpression and knockdown studies show that hSAXO1 modulates axoneme length. Taken together, our findings suggest a fine regulation of hSAXO1 localization and important roles in cilium biogenesis and function.

US$19.90

PMID: 25673876

DOI: 10.1242/jcs.155143


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