geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Insights in Waste Management Bioprocesses Using Genomic Tools


, : Insights in Waste Management Bioprocesses Using Genomic Tools. Advances in Applied Microbiology 97(): 121-170

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Microbial capacities drive waste stabilization and resource recovery in environmental friendly processes. Depending on the composition of waste, a stress-mediated selection process ensures a scenario that generates a specific enrichment of microbial community. These communities dynamically change over a period of time while keeping the performance through the required utilization capacities. Depending on the environmental conditions, these communities select the appropriate partners so as to maintain the desired functional capacities. However, the complexities of these organizations are difficult to study. Individual member ratios and sharing of genetic intelligence collectively decide the enrichment and survival of these communities. The next-generation sequencing options with the depth of structure and function analysis have emerged as a tool that could provide the finer details of the underlying bioprocesses associated and shared in environmental niches. These tools can help in identification of the key biochemical events and monitoring of expression of associated phenotypes that will support the operation and maintenance of waste management systems. In this chapter, we link genomic tools with process optimization and/or management, which could be applied for decision making and/or upscaling. This review describes both, the aerobic and anaerobic, options of waste utilization process with the microbial community functioning as flocs, granules, or biofilms. There are a number of challenges involved in harnessing the microbial community intelligence with associated functional plasticity for efficient extension of microbial capacities for resource recycling and waste management. Mismanaged wastes could lead to undesired genotypes such as antibiotic/multidrug-resistant microbes.

US$19.90

PMID: 27926430

DOI: 10.1016/bs.aambs.2016.09.002


Other references

Willes Sidney B., 1962: The mineral alteration products of the Keetley-Kamas volcanic area, Utah. Types and areal extent of the hydrothermal alteration products in the volcanic rocks of the Keetley-Kamas area were determined by differential thermal analysis and thin section study. Chloritization was widespread whereas silicification, alunitiza...

Krijgsman, B.J., 1935: New Parasitic Worms of the Dutch East Indies. The author gives the following supplementary list of the parasitic worms in mammals and birds of the Dutch East Indies: -water-buffalo-Ascaris vitulorum; goat-Stephanofilaria dedoesi; rat-Euparyphium sp., Bertiella anapolytica, Mescocestoides sp.,...

Malaisse F.; Lecron J M., 1990: Monadenium cupricola new species euphorbiaceae in the copper cobalt deposits of shaba zaire. Monadenium cupricola, a new species found in southern Zaire on cellular siliceous rocks and in savanna-steppe vegetation on copper-cobalt mineralized hillocks, is described.

Koyama, S.; Sato, E.; Nomura, H.; Kubo, K.; Miura, M.; Yamashita, T.; Nagai, S.; Izumi, T., 1998: Bradykinin stimulates type II alveolar cells to release neutrophil and monocyte chemotactic activity and inflammatory cytokines. In the present study, we evaluated the potential of bradykinin (BK) to induce the release of neutrophil and monocyte chemotactic activity (NCA and MCA) and cytokines from an alveolar type II epithelial cell line, A549 cells. BK stimulated A549 cel...

Berkeley, E.; Berkeley, C., 1958: Polychaeta of the western Canadian Arctic. A sum-mary of the species of Polychaeta hitherto recorded from the western Canadian Arctic is given. Each is considered in the light of its known, or unknown, occurrence in each of 2 regions to the west (northern Alaska and the Chukchee Sea) and 2...

Gruenbaum Y.; Revel E.; Yarus S.; Fainsod A., 1991: Sperm cells as vectors for the generation of transgenic chickens. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry Supplement 15(PART E): 194

Oblak, E.Zachary.; VanHeyst, M.D.; Li, J.; Wiemer, A.J.; Wright, D.L., 2014: Cyclopropene cycloadditions with annulated furans: total synthesis of (+)- and (-)-frondosin B and (+)-frondosin A. The asymmetric total syntheses of the natural products (+)- and (-)-frondosin B and (+)-frondosin A are reported based on a diastereoselective cycloaddition between tetrabromocyclopropene and an annulated furan to provide a highly functionalized c...

Taylor, M.L.; Metcalfe, D.D., 2001: Mast cells in allergy and host defense. Mast cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases and in inflammatory responses associated with pathological immune and disease-related processes including fibrosis, autoimmune pathology, and neoplasia. Recent findings in an...

Mcmillen B.A.; Song A.H.; Davanzo E.A., 1987: Effects of antipsychotic drugs on isolation induced intraspecies aggression by male mice a screen for anxiolytic drugs. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 13(1): 452

Hopkins C.A.; Stallard H.; Befus A.D., 1973: Immunological rejection of hymenolepis diminuta by mice. Parasitology 67(2): XVII