geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Investigating sex differences in psychological predictors of snack intake among a large representative sample


, : Investigating sex differences in psychological predictors of snack intake among a large representative sample. Public Health Nutrition 19(4): 625-632

It is often assumed that there are substantial sex differences in eating behaviour (e.g. women are more likely to be dieters or emotional eaters than men). The present study investigates this assumption in a large representative community sample while incorporating a comprehensive set of psychological eating-related variables. A community sample was employed to: (i) determine sex differences in (un)healthy snack consumption and psychological eating-related variables (e.g. emotional eating, intention to eat healthily); (ii) examine whether sex predicts energy intake from (un)healthy snacks over and above psychological variables; and (iii) investigate the relationship between psychological variables and snack intake for men and women separately. Snack consumption was assessed with a 7d snack diary; the psychological eating-related variables with questionnaires. Participants were members of an Internet survey panel that is based on a true probability sample of households in the Netherlands. Men and women (n 1292; 45 % male), with a mean age of 51·23 (sd 16·78) years and a mean BMI of 25·62 (sd 4·75) kg/m2. Results revealed that women consumed more healthy and less unhealthy snacks than men and they scored higher than men on emotional and restrained eating. Women also more often reported appearance and health-related concerns about their eating behaviour, but men and women did not differ with regard to external eating or their intentions to eat more healthily. The relationships between psychological eating-related variables and snack intake were similar for men and women, indicating that snack intake is predicted by the same variables for men and women. It is concluded that some small sex differences in psychological eating-related variables exist, but based on the present data there is no need for interventions aimed at promoting healthy eating to target different predictors according to sex.

US$19.90

PMID: 25895543

DOI: 10.1017/S136898001500097X


Other references

Flatt, T., 2015: Plasticity of lifespan: a reaction norm perspective. It is a well-appreciated fact that in many organisms the process of ageing reacts highly plastically, so that lifespan increases or decreases when the environment changes. The perhaps best-known example of such lifespan plasticity is dietary restr...

Leveau, M., 1965: Contribution a l'etude des ostracodes et cladoceres du Golfe de Marseille. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine de l'Endoume, 37(No. 53: 161-169

Ahmad, C.S.; Conway, J.E., 2013: Elbow arthroscopy: valgus extension overload. Valgus torque combined with deceleration produces high compression and shear forces acting on the posteromedial olecranon and the posteromedial trochlea. This valgus extension overload process may cause posteromedial trochlea chondromalacia, chond...

Lillegard, J.B.; Fisher, J.E.; Mckenzie, T.J.; Que, F.G.; Farnell, M.B.; Kendrick, M.L.; Donohue, J.H.; Reid-Lombardo, K.; Schaff, H.V.; Connolly, H.M.; Nagorney, D.M., 2011: Hepatic resection for the carcinoid syndrome in patients with severe carcinoid heart disease: does valve replacement permit safe hepatic resection?. Resection of metastatic carcinoid cancer can prolong survival and control symptomatic endocrinopathy. Decompensated carcinoid heart disease (CHD) can develop in some patients with metastatic carcinoid cancers, which can preclude operation for rese...

Liang, J.J.; McKenzie, K.M.; Cha, Y-Mei., 2014: Ventricular arrhythmias due to left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy: a diagnosis in hindsight. Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy which predisposes to sudden cardiac death. We describe the case of a 24 year-old man who had previously received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for sustai...

Cannon, R.; Koerper, D.; Ashby, S.; Baker, R.; Bartlett, P.; Brookes, G.; Burgess, R.; Cheek, S.; Evans, H.; Hammon, R.; Head, J.; Nettleton, G.; Robinson, J.; Slawson, D.; Taylor, M.; Tilbury, C.; Ward, M., 2004: Gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, outbreak in northeast London, 1995-2003. A small outbreak of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), was discovered in June 1995 in the South Woodford area of northeast London, near Epping Forest. The origin of this outbreak remains unknown, but the eggs may have been transported from con...

Wang, G.; Johnson, G.A.; Spencer, T.E.; Bazer, F.W., 2000: Isolation, immortalization, and initial characterization of uterine cell lines: An in vitro model system for the porcine uterus. The aim of this study was to develop immortalized cell lines from porcine uterus. Endometrial cells including luminal epithelium (LE), glandular epithelium (GE), stroma (ST), and myometrium (MYO) were enzymatically isolated from the uterus of a da...

Anonymous, 2012: Moglichkeiten der direkten Bilddarstellung in der klinischen Fotografie. Der bliche Weg, digitale Fotos auf den Rechner zu bertragen, erfolgt ber das Kartenleseger t oder ein USB- bzw. Firewire-Verbindungskabel, das eine Verbindung zwischen Kamera und PC herstellt. Ein anderer Weg ist die kabellose bertragung. Sie hat...

Prather, E., 2006: Read the manuals. Texas Medicine 101(10): 41-44

Hemphill, D.D., 1955: Pre-emergence weed control in sweet corn. Pre-emergence treatments with CDAA, CDEA and CDEC each at 8 lb./ac. gave satisfactory control of weeds in sweet-corn without reducing yields. -From abstract.