geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Life adversity is associated with smoking relapse after a quit attempt


, : Life adversity is associated with smoking relapse after a quit attempt. Addictive Behaviors 60: 71-77

Multiple cross-sectional studies have linked adverse childhood events and adult adversities to current smoking, lifetime smoking, and former smoking. To date, however, there have been no direct observational studies assessing the influence of adversities on smoking relapse. We prospectively followed 123 participants, 86 of whom were habitual smokers, from pre-quit ad libitum smoking to four weeks post-quit. Thirty-seven non-smokers were also tested in parallel as a comparison group. Subjects provided biological samples for confirmation of abstinence status and self-report history of adversities such as abuse, neglect, family dysfunction, incarceration, and child-parent separation. They also completed mood and smoking withdrawal symptom measures. The results indicated that within non-smokers and smokers who relapsed within the first month of a quit attempt, but not abstainers, females had significantly higher adversity scores than males. Cigarette craving, which was independent from depressive affect, increased for low adversity participants, but not those with no adversity nor high adversity. These results demonstrate that sex and relapse status interact to predict adversity and that craving for nicotine may be an important additional mediator of relapse. These results add further support to the previous cross-sectional evidence of an adversity and smoking relationship. Further studies to clarify how adversity complicates smoking cessation and impacts smoking behaviors are warranted.

US$19.90

PMID: 27100471

DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.017


Other references

Thornton, J.G., 2016: The Term Breech Trial results are generalisable. Bjog 123(1): 58-58

Gillespie, J.H.; Scott, F.W., 1973: Feline viral infections. An account of panleucopenia (feline viral enteritis), calicivirus (picornavirus) infection (with reference to respiratory disease), reovirus infection and infection with feline syncytium-forming virus. Another article on pages 201-224 of the same...

Wentz, M.J.; Becker, S.A.; Slagle, B.L., 2000: Dissociation of DDB1-binding and transactivation properties of the hepatitis B virus X protein. The hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) is a transactivator encoded by mammalian hepadnaviruses, and is thought to stimulate transcription by interacting with one or more host cell factors. Numerous cellular proteins have been reported to inte...

Wagner, D.R., 2016: Predicted versus measured thoracic gas volumes of collegiate athletes made by the BOD POD air displacement plethysmography system. Measured (TGVm) and predicted (TGVp) thoracic gas volumes from the BOD POD were compared in 33 lean, university athletes. On average, TGVp (3.529 L) was not significantly different (p = 0.343) from TGVm (3.628 L); however, there was a bias (r = -0...

Candelaria, M.; Garcia-Arias, A.; Cetina, L.; Dueñas-Gonzalez, A., 2006: Radiosensitizers in cervical cancer. Cisplatin and beyond. Cervical cancer continues to be a significant health burden worldwide. Globally, the majority of cancers are locally advanced at diagnosis; hence, radiation remains the most frequently used therapeutical modality. Currently, the value of adding ci...

Heppell, S.S.; Crowder, L.B.; Crouse, D.T., 1996: Models to evaluate headstarting as a management tool for long-lived turtles. Most turtle species suffer high mortality in their first year, have a long juvenile period, and can live for decades once they reach adulthood. Conservationists have implemented a number of recovery plans for threatened turtle populations, includi...

Grohmann, C.; Irmler, U.; Noetzold, R., 2004: Einfluss von Alter, Flache und Isolation von Waldern auf die Totholzkafer. Twelve forests were selected distributed from the region of Kiel to southern Schleswig-Holstein (northern Germany), which are characterised by different age, size and isolation. The beetle fauna was recorded by means of emergence traps with 2 repl...

Khramtsov, A.G.; Eremin, G.E.; Gritsenko, A.M.; Chebotarev, E.A.; Novikov, O.P.; Gil' denfun, L.I.; Zhilin, N.I., 1976: Self-desludging separator for cheese whey to remove fat and casein fines. A self-desludging separator for the removal of curd fines and fat from whey, developed in the USSR, is described. Whey is fed into the bowl at a pressure of 2-3 kgf/cm2 and the cream is separated off to recover the fat, whilst the curd accumulates...

Sterzl, J.; Kostka, J.; Lanc, A., 1962: The nature of properties of bactericidal serum against gram-negative micro-organisms. Casopis Lekaru Ceskych 101: 65-71

Khorev, N.G.; Elykomov, V.A.; Zaloznyĭ, D.A., 2011: Therapeutic cellular angiogenesis in treatment of peripheral artery diseases. High incidence of peripheral artery disease and limited possibilities of either open or endovascular methods of treatment, as well as low efficacy of medicamentous treatment of this pathology compel the professionals concerned to search for new me...