+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Metal bioconcentration in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata: investigating the role of different components of the holobiont using radiotracers

, : Metal bioconcentration in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata: investigating the role of different components of the holobiont using radiotracers. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 187(4): 178-178

Bioconcentration kinetics of five metals (Ag, Cd, Co, Mn, and Zn) were determined in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata (entire symbiotic association vs. cultured symbionts), using radiotracer techniques. Among contrasting element behaviors observed in S. pistillata, the highest efficiency of concentration and retention was observed for Ag in the symbiotic association (CFss reaching 5000 and T b½>1 year). Predominant proportion of this metal was found associated with the skeleton whereas the other metals were mainly present in the coral tissues (including host tissues and symbionts). A 96-h exposure of cultured symbionts (isolated zooxantellae from S. pistillata) indicated that they displayed a very high potential for metal bioconcentration (higher by 1 to 3 orders of magnitude compared to the skeleton). In addition, among the five elements investigated, Ag had the highest concentration factor in the cultured symbionts. Contrasting kinetic characteristics of skeleton vs. tissues offer interesting implications for biomonitoring purposes. Indeed, the skeleton was shown to display stable metal concentrations after an exposure (long retention time) and thereby allows recording contamination event on the long term, whereas the concentrations within coral tissues rapidly increased during the exposure and dropped when non-contaminating conditions were restored, allowing information on the current (short term) contamination status. The present study confirms that the coral can be seen as a two-compartment box model for metal bioconcentration: the tissues sensus latto as a first box governing metal entrance (with a crucial role played by the symbionts) and the skeleton as a second box where metal detoxification (storage) is taking place; the first box also depurates toward the environment when non-contaminating conditions are restored.


PMID: 25773891

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-015-4383-z

Other references

Royer, P., 1966: Treatment of poisoning by aspirin and salicylates. Les Cahiers du College de Medecine des Hopitaux de Paris 7(4): 231-234

Wu, Y.; Price, B.; Isenegger, D.; Fischlin, A.; Allgower, B.; Nuesch, D., 2006: Real-time 4D visualization of migratory insect dynamics within an integrated spatiotemporal system. This paper presents a new approach of spatiotemporally visualizing the simulation output of migratory insect dynamics and resultant vegetation changes in real-time. The visualization is capable of displaying simulated ecological phenomena in an i...

Gibson L.F., 1975: Numerical analysis of the characteristics of corynebacterium diphtheriae strains isolated in victoria australia from 1962 to 1971. Journal of Hygiene 75(3): 413-424

de Oliveira, E.; de Albuquerque, P.Paulo.Feitosa.; de Souza Neto, O.Luiz.; Faria, E.Bento.; Júnior, Jé.Wilton.Pinheiro.; Mota, R.Aparecido., 2013: Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in mules and donkeys in the northeast of Brazil. The aim of the present study was to investigate antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in the serum of mules and donkeys bred in the northeast of Brazil. In total, 483 samples were used (395 mules and 88 donkeys) from 4 states (Pernambuco, Rio Grande do...

Anonymous, 1973: Occupationally induced neoplasms. Sygeplejersken 73(37): 26-30

Anonymous, 2012: Histomorphological Observation on the Megacystium sinensis in Macaca mulatta of Guangxi. The Megacystium sinensis was collected as a new genera and new species of Lecithodendriidae from a monkey (Macaca mulatta) in Guangxi, China. This paper reported further observation by histomorphological method of this new species of Lecithodendri...

Yagyu, K.; Ohta, S., 1985: Morphological comparison of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccine strains. Eight strains of the coronavirus were compared by the electron microscope. Six were vaccine strains and two were laboratory strains. All eight strains were spherical and had 'tear-drop' type of spikes. Their envelopes measured 105-137 nm...

Ham, T.H.; Castle, W.B.; Gardner, F.H.; Daland, G.A., 1950: Laboratory diagnosis of polycythemia and anemia. New England Journal of Medicine 243(22): 860-872

Gracey, L., 1974: Simultaneous calf and thigh blood flow measurements by selective femoral vein occlusion plethysmography. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 67(6 Pt 1): 444-445

Sinclair, K.D.; Dunne, L.D.; Maxfield, E.K.; Maltin, C.A.; Young, L.E.; Wilmut, I.; Robinson, J.J.; Broadbent, P.J., 2001: Fetal growth and development following temporary exposure of day 3 ovine embryos to an advanced uterine environment. The effect of exposing Day 3 ovine embryos to an advanced uterine environment for a period of 3 days on subsequent fetal growth and development between Day 35 and Day 135 of gestation was studied. Day 3 embryos were recovered from superovulated do...