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Modified titration intratympanic gentamicin injection for unilateral intractable Ménière's disease

, : Modified titration intratympanic gentamicin injection for unilateral intractable Ménière's disease. Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences 35(5): 747-751

This study looked into the efficacy of a modified titration protocol of intratympanic gentamicin injection (ITG) in the patients with unilateral intractable Ménière's disease (MD). Modified titration protocol of ITG at a low dose (20 mg/mL) was administered to 10 patients with definite unilateral intractable MD. After initial first two fixed ITGs on weekly basis, the patients might or might not be given any more injections, depending on the appearance of unilateral vestibular loss (UVL). ITG was terminated if the patients satisfied the criteria of UVL. All patients were followed-up for at least two years. The effects of ITG on the vertigo attack, functional level scores and postural balance were evaluated. Of the 10 cases, 8 showed the sign of UVL after receiving initial two ITGs and were not given any more intratympanic injections, and the other 2 patients were administered three ITGs. A two-year follow-up revealed that complete and substantial vertigo control was achieved in 9 cases, and limited vertigo control in 1 patient. Hearing level was lowered in 2 patients. The posture stability and functional level scores were improved. Our study showed that the modified titration protocol of ITG at a low dose could effectively control vertigo in patients with unilateral intractable MD.


PMID: 26489633

DOI: 10.1007/s11596-015-1501-7

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