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Multiplex real-time PCR assay for detection and differentiation of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis

, : Multiplex real-time PCR assay for detection and differentiation of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis. Iranian Journal of Microbiology 6(3): 140-148

Rapid diagnosis of pertussis is important for the timely isolation of the infection source and early prevention measures among the contact persons, especially among non-vaccinated infants for whom pertussis is life-threatening. Targets IS481, IS1001, BP0026 and human GAPDH gene were used to develop a multiplex real-time PCR assay based on the TaqMan technology for detection and identification of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis in clinical samples. A total of 121 human clinical specimens obtained within 2012-2013 were used to evaluate the multiplex real-time PCR assay. Clinical specimens were also tested for culture and conventional PCR. Sensitivity and specificity for culture, conventional PCR, and multiplex real-time PCR were measured in comparison with a clinical standard for B. pertussis infection. The lower limit of detection (LLOD) of the multiplex assay was similar to the LLOD of each target in an individual assay format, which was approximately 1 genomic equivalent per reaction for IS481, IS1001 and 10 genomic equivalents per reaction for BP0026 target. When the B. pertussis assays were compared with a clinical standard for B. pertussis infection, sensitivity was 5, 59 and 89% the specificity was 100, 100 and 100% for culture, conventional PCR, and multiplex real-time PCR, respectively. Developed multiplex real-time PCR offers a fast tool with high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of B. pertussis and B. parapertussis infections which is suitable for implementation in a routine laboratory diagnostics.


PMID: 25870746

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