+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Pressure To Be Thin and Insulin Sensitivity Among Adolescents

, : Pressure To Be Thin and Insulin Sensitivity Among Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 58(1): 104-110

Extant research indicates that some of the comorbidities associated with adult obesity may be adversely affected by the stress resulting from negative body image and weight-related stigma. This study examined the association between weight-related pressure and insulin sensitivity in adolescents, who are vulnerable to both weight-based teasing and the onset of metabolic dysregulation. Participants were 215 adolescent healthy volunteers (55% female; 59% white; 35% overweight/obese; mean ± standard deviation age = 15.4 ± 1.4 year), who completed a self-report measure of pressure to be thin from parents, friends, and romantic partners. Fasting blood samples were obtained to assess serum insulin and glucose, which were used to calculate insulin sensitivity; fat mass (kg) and fat-free mass (%) were measured with air-displacement plethysmography. Pubertal stage was determined by physical examination. Pressure to be thin was positively associated with fasting insulin (p = .01) and negatively associated with insulin sensitivity (p = .02), after controlling for pubertal stage, sex, race, height, fat-free mass, and adiposity. Pressure to be thin was associated with a greater odds of having hyperinsulinemia (fasting insulin ≥ 15 μIU/mL; odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.65 [1.08-2.50], p = .02), adjusting for the same covariates. Results indicate that adolescents perceiving more pressure to be thin have greater elevations of fasting insulin and poorer insulin sensitivity above and beyond the effect of fat mass. Future research is warranted to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for this relationship.


PMID: 26707232

DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.09.010

Other references

Williams, T.M.; Gresham, C.A., 2002: Nitrate leaching from intensive forest management on abandoned agricultural land: fifth-year results. This report is on the fifth year results of a cooperative research project to examine water quality impacts of maximizing plantation growth on abandoned groundnut field, first reported after two years in the Ninth Southern Silvicultural Research C...

Bielewicz, M., 1984: New species of macrolepidopterans (Macrolepidoptera) for the fauna of the Bieszczady Mts. and Pogorze Przemyskie. Twenty-nine species of Macrolepidoptera are listed as new to the fauna of the Bieszczady Mts. and Pogorze Przemyskie, Poland. This brings the total number of species known from the region to 820. The new records include the geometrid Ennomos querc...

Haitlinger R., 1988: Neomys anomalus new record cabrera 1907 insectivora soricidae and sicista betulina new record pallas 1778 rodentia zapodidae in poland. The author report new stations of Neomys anomalus Cabrera and Sicista betulina (Pall.) in Poland.

Riess, H., 1998: Disordered hemostasis related to sepsis and SIRS. Der Internist 39(5): 479-484

Abdel Galil, S.M.; Ezzeldin, N.; El-Boshy, M.E., 2016: The role of serum IL-17 and IL-6 as biomarkers of disease activity and predictors of remission in patients with lupus nephritis. To determine the role of IL-17 and IL-6 in the pathogenesis of SLE as biomarkers of disease activity and predictors of remission and outcome of therapy in patients with active lupus nephritis. The study was carried out on 72 SLE female patients an...

Mills, P.Ruth.; McGuffie, A.Crawford., 2011: Formal medicine reconciliation within the emergency department reduces the medication error rates for emergency admissions. To improve medication history accuracy and reduce prescribing errors for unscheduled patients admitted via the emergency department (ED). A prospective observational study of 100 adult unscheduled admissions with 50 patients in both pre and post-i...

Fernebro, J.; Blomberg, C.; Morfeldt, E.; Wolf-Watz, H.; Normark, S.; Normark, B.Henriques., 2008: The influence of in vitro fitness defects on pneumococcal ability to colonize and to cause invasive disease. Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a genetically diverse major human pathogen, yet a common colonizer of the nasopharynx. Here we analyzed the influence of defects affecting in vitro growth rate, on the ability of S. pneumoniae to colonize a...

McKee Edwin Dinwiddie, 1960: Laboratory experiments on form and structure of offshore bars and beaches. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists 44(7): 1253

Braathen, 2000: Founding of a new european dermatology organisation. European Journal of Dermatology 10(1): 6-6

Proskuriakov, N.I.; Maslov, I.N.; Chizhova, K.N., 1946: Changes in autolytic activity and carbohydrate-amylase complex during ripening and sprouting of rye. There is little change in the amylolytic activity of rye during the last stages of ripening. During the first two days of sprouting, however, the [alpha]-amylase increases greatly. The autolytic activity of rye flour is ascribed almost entirely to...