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Scatter balance: an angle-based supervised dimensionality reduction

, : Scatter balance: an angle-based supervised dimensionality reduction. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems 26(2): 277-289

Subspace selection is widely applied in data classification, clustering, and visualization. The samples projected into subspace can be processed efficiently. In this paper, we research the linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and maximum margin criterion (MMC) algorithms intensively and analyze the effects of scatters to subspace selection. Meanwhile, we point out the boundaries of scatters in LDA and MMC algorithms to illustrate the differences and similarities of subspace selection in different circumstances. Besides, the effects of outlier classes on subspace selection are also analyzed. According to the above analysis, we propose a new subspace selection method called angle linear discriminant embedding (ALDE) on the basis of angle measurement. ALDE utilizes the cosine of the angle to get new within-class and between-class scatter matrices and avoids the small sample size problem simultaneously. To deal with high-dimensional data, we extend ALDE to a two-stage ALDE (TS-ALDE). The synthetic data experiments indicate that ALDE can balance the within-class and between-class scatters and be robust to outlier classes. The experimental results based on UCI machine-learning repository and image databases show that TS-ALDE has a lower time complexity than ALDE while processing high-dimensional data.


PMID: 25608290

DOI: 10.1109/TNNLS.2014.2314698

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