geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Silymarin and lycopene administration in periparturient dairy cows: effects on milk production and oxidative status


, : Silymarin and lycopene administration in periparturient dairy cows: effects on milk production and oxidative status. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 63(6): 313-318

To establish during late gestation and early lactation the effects of supplementing silymarin, a natural hepatoprotective substance, combined with a powerful antioxidant, lycopene, on milk production and on serum biomarkers of oxidative status. Italian Friesian dairy cows were given individually a supplement containing a mixture of silymarin (7.77 g/day/cow) and lycopene (1.27 g/day/cow) (n=10) or no supplement (control; n=10). Treatment was administered from 7 days before the expected calving date to the first 14 days in milk. At 7 days before the expected calving date, at calving, and 7 days postpartum, body condition score (BCS) and concentrations in serum of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM), total antioxidant capacity (OXY) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were evaluated. Bodyweight, milk production, and somatic cell count (SCC) were determined at 7, 14 and 21 days postpartum. The mean time of treatment prior to calving was 6.3 (min 4, max 11) days. Compared with control cows, treatment increased energy corrected milk yield (33.3 vs. 37.8 (SEM 1.10) kg/day; p=0.006) and milk fat yield (1.14 vs. 1.32 (SEM 0.06) kg/day; p=0.05) over the first 21 days of lactation. Treated cows had lower mean log10 SCC compared to control cows (4.9 vs. 5.24 (SEM 0.11) log10 cells/mL) and had lower overall concentration of TBARS (1.47 vs. 1.59 (SEM 0.016) nM/mL; p<0.001), but similar concentrations of ROM and OXY in serum. However there was a treatment by time interaction (p=0.09) for OXY, and at calving mean OXY was higher in treated cows compared with pre-calving values (p<0.001). Despite the acknowledged limitation of the study, i.e. the small number of animals, our results suggest that silymarin and lycopene, as health-beneficial feed supplements, may help dairy cows in metabolic adaptation during the first stages of lactation. During the peripartum period dairy cows suffer moderate-to-severe fatty liver and from an overproduction of free radicals. The supplementation of a mixture of silymarin and lycopene during these stressful days may be useful to mitigate these metabolic disorders with beneficial effects on the subsequent lactation.

US$19.90

PMID: 25948400

DOI: 10.1080/00480169.2015.1047911


Other references

Taboada J.; Ulloa M.; Herrera T., 1973: Nitrogen fixation by agrobacterium azotophilum in various substrates mainly soil and byproducts of the sugar industry. Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia 15(3): 143-146

Day, M., 2010: Italian surgeon is sentenced for carrying out bogus operations for profit. Bmj 341: C6173-C6173

Ojofeitimi, E.O.; Hollist, N.O.; Banjo, T.; Adu, T.A., 1984: Effect of cariogenic food exposure on prevalence of dental caries among fee and non-fee paying Nigerian schoolchildren. Dental caries status, frequency of sweet consumption and method of toothcleaning of 180 Nigerian elementary schoolchildren aged 8-15 yr were investigated by clinical examination and questionnaire technique. The highest frequency of sweet consumpti...

Yang, S-Huei.; Lin, H-Yun.; Chang, V.H.S.; Chen, C-Chung.; Liu, Y-Ru.; Wang, J.; Zhang, K.; Jiang, X.; Yen, Y., 2016: Lovastatin overcomes gefitinib resistance through TNF-α signaling in human cholangiocarcinomas with different LKB1 statuses in vitro and in vivo. Gefitinib resistance has been shown to complicate cancer therapy. Lovastatin is a proteasome inhibitor that enhances gefitinib-induced antiproliferation in non-small cell lung cancer. The objective of this study is to investigate the mechanism of...

Shishkin M.A., 1967: Basipterigoid articulation in tailless amphibians. In ancient batrachomorphs, the basitrabecular projection was well developed, while the basal process was reduced extremely early in phylogenetic development.

Chang, J-Sheng.; Chang, K.Liang.B.; Hwang, D-Fwu.; Kong, Z-Ling., 2007: In vitro cytotoxicitiy of silica nanoparticles at high concentrations strongly depends on the metabolic activity type of the cell line. Amorphous silica is increasingly used in diagnostic and biomedical research because of its ease of production and relatively low cost. It is generally regarded as safe and has been approved for use as a food or animal feed ingredient. Recent lite...

Albert, J.G.; Riemann, J.F., 2002: ERCP and MRCP--when and why. Since the introduction of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the 1970s, gastroenterologists have a wide spectrum of diagnostic and therapeutic options in the biliopancreatic ductal system at their disposal. With its arrival i...

Sperber, R.J.; Degraff, A.C., 1963: Clinical evaluation of alpha methyl-dopa. American Heart Journal 65: 275-276

Mcfarland W.J.Jr; Geha A.S., 1978: Measurement of cardiac dimensions and function by mutual inductance. Federation Proceedings 37(3): 824

Fowler, A.M.; Dutton, J.J.; Fowler, W.Craig.; Gilligan, P., 2008: Mycobacterium chelonae canaliculitis associated with SmartPlug use. Mycobacterium chelonae is ubiquitous in the environment but is an uncommon cause of ocular and periocular infections. It is a pathogen that has been gaining increased attention in the ophthalmic literature because of the relatively large number of...