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The clinical utility of Memorial Symptom Assessment-Short Form and Condensed Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale in Turkish lung cancer patients

, : The clinical utility of Memorial Symptom Assessment-Short Form and Condensed Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale in Turkish lung cancer patients. Clinical Respiratory Journal 9(2): 221-227

Symptom assessment is essential in the palliative care of patients with cancer. We studied the Memorial Assessment Scale Test-Short Form (MSAS-SF) and Condensed Memorial Assessment Test (CMSAS) in Turkish lung cancer patients. Fifty-one patients with lung cancer (47 non-small, 4 small cell) were staged according to the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2007 and filled the MSAS-SF. Karnofsky performance status, TNM staging, MSAS-SF and CMSAS scores were recorded. The study was approved by the local research ethics committee. The mean age of 51 patients was 61.7 ± 9. Fifty-one percent were staged as M1 while 49% were staged as M0. The mean values for global distress index, PHYS (physical symptom distress), PSYCH (psychological symptom score) and MSAS-SUM were 1.15 ± 0.8, 0.9 ± 0.8, 1.13 ± 1.03 and 0.82 ± 0.47 in order. The mean values for CPHYS (physical symptom distress for Condensed MSAS), CPSYCH (psychological symptom score for CMSAS) and CSUM (sum scores) were 1.2 ± 0.75, 1.22 ± 1.1 and 1.16 ± 0.69 in order. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for MSAS-SF and CMSAS were 0.861 and 0.728 in order. Summary scores for both MSAS-SF and CMSAS-SF were significantly higher in patients with M1 disease than from M0 disease. In addition, PHYS and MSAS-SUM in MSAS-SF were significantly correlated with T and N stage. The area under curve for MSAS-SF and CMSAS were 0.793 and 0.70 in order. MSAS-SF and CMSAS demonstrated significantly higher scores in lung cancer patients with M1 disease than patients with M0 disease. Further studies are needed to evaluate the usefulness of MSAS-SF and CMSAS in lung cancer patients.


PMID: 25849299

DOI: 10.1111/crj.12127

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