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Type I IFNs and IL-18 regulate the antiviral response of primary human γδ T cells against dendritic cells infected with Dengue virus


, : Type I IFNs and IL-18 regulate the antiviral response of primary human γδ T cells against dendritic cells infected with Dengue virus. Journal of Immunology 194(8): 3890-3900

Little is known about the cellular mechanisms of innate immunity against dengue virus (DV) infection. Specifically, the γδ T cell response to DV has not been characterized in detail. In this article, we demonstrate that markers of activation, proliferation, and degranulation are upregulated on γδ T cells in PBMC isolated from individuals with acute dengue fever. Primary γδ T cells responded rapidly in vitro to autologous DV-infected dendritic cells by secreting IFN-γ and upregulating CD107a. The anti-DV IFN-γ response is regulated by type I IFN and IL-18 in a TCR-independent manner, and IFN-γ secreting γδ T cells predominantly expressed IL-18Rα. Antagonizing the ATP-dependent P2X7 receptor pathway of inflammasome activation significantly inhibited the anti-DV IFN-γ response of γδ T cells. Overnight priming with IL-18 produced effector γδ T cells with significantly increased ability to lyse autologous DV-infected dendritic cells. Monocytes were identified as accessory cells that augmented the anti-DV IFN-γ response of γδ T cells. Lack of monocytes in culture is associated with lower IL-18 levels in culture supernatant and diminished production of IFN-γ by γδ T cells, whereas addition of exogenous IL-18 restored the IFN-γ response of γδ T cells in monocyte-depleted cocultures with DV-infected DC. Our results indicate that primary γδ T cells contribute to the immune response during DV infection by providing an early source of IFN-γ, as well as by killing DV-infected cells, and suggest that monocytes participate as accessory cells that sense DV infection and amplify the cellular immune response against this virus in an IL-18-dependent manner.

US$19.90

PMID: 25732728

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1303343


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