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Ultraviolet photofunctionalization increases removal torque values and horizontal stability of orthodontic miniscrews

, : Ultraviolet photofunctionalization increases removal torque values and horizontal stability of orthodontic miniscrews. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 148(2): 274-282

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of ultraviolet-mediated photofunctionalization of miniscrews and the in-vivo potential of bone-miniscrew integration. Self-drilling orthodontic miniscrews made from a titanium alloy were placed in rat femurs. Photofunctionalization was performed by treating the miniscrews with ultraviolet light for 12 minutes with a photo device immediately before implantation. Maximum insertion torque (week 0), removal torque (weeks 0 and 3), and resistance to lateral tipping force (week 3) were examined. The removal torque at 3 weeks of healing was higher for the photofunctionalized screws than for the untreated screws. The regenerated bone tissue was more intact and contiguous around the photofunctionalized miniscrews than around the untreated ones. The miniscrew-bone complex seemed to produce interface failure, not cohesive fracture, in both groups. The displacement of untreated screws under a lateral tipping force was greater than that of photofunctionalized miniscrews. These results suggest that photofunctionalization increases the bioactivity of titanium-alloy miniscrews and improves the anchoring capability of orthodontic miniscrews, even without modification of the surface topography.


PMID: 26232836

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.03.022

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