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ΔNp63α controls YB-1 protein stability: evidence on YB-1 as a new player in keratinocyte differentiation

, : ΔNp63α controls YB-1 protein stability: evidence on YB-1 as a new player in keratinocyte differentiation. Genes to Cells 21(6): 648-660

Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX-1 or YB-1) is an oncoprotein that promotes replicative immortality, tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The increase in the abundance of YB-1 in the cell or YB-1 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus is characteristic of malignant cell growth. We have previously reported that ΔNp63α, a transcription factor that is known to play a pivotal role in keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, promotes YB-1 nuclear accumulation. Here, we show that YB-1 is highly expressed in proliferating keratinocytes and is down-regulated during keratinocyte differentiation. ΔNp63α reduces YB-1 protein turnover and leads to accumulation of ubiquitin-conjugated YB-1 into the nucleus. Reduction of YB-1 protein level, following treatment with a DNA-damaging agent, is inhibited by ΔNp63α suggesting that YB-1 and ΔNp63α interplay can support keratinocyte proliferation and protect cells from apoptosis under genotoxic stress.


PMID: 27168020

DOI: 10.1111/gtc.12373

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